Investing in Renewable Energy in Vietnam
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Investing in Renewable Energy in Vietnam

Although not without challenges, Vietnam’s natural resources paired with its sustainability goals means the country is heading towards global leadership in renewable energy, and provides possible opportunities for investors.

According to a report by Electricity of Vietnam (EVN), in the first six months of 2021 the total amount of electricity produced (by both sustainable and non-sustainable means) in Vietnam reached 128.51 billion kWh – an increase of 7.4% when compared with the same period in 2020. Renewable energy (wind power, solar power, biomass power) reached 14.69 billion kWh during this time and accounted for 11.4% of the total amount.

Under Plan VIII drafted by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), by 2030 the total expected installed capacity of the system will reach 130,370-143,839 MW. Of this, renewable energy will account for 24.3-25.7%, equivalent to 65.6-79.8 billion kWh. This is an increase of approximately five times the existing level. [1]

There are pros and cons to investing in this sector:

Advantages of renewable energy investment in Vietnam

  • Suitable natural conditions
    • Over 2,500 total hours of high sunshine hours per year.
    • The intensity of solar radiation is stable over four seasons.
    • The coastline is more than 3,000 km long.
    • The average annual wind speed is 6m/s
  • Legal policy
    • Plan VIII prioritizes the development of water-based solar power, rooftop solar power, and offshore wind power.
    • There are no restrictions on the capital ownership ratio of foreign investors.
    • The Feed-in Tariff (FIT) applies, which is beneficial for investors.
    • Under the impact of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific (CPTPP), the European Union – Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) and the Paris Agreement on climate change, Vietnam has been forced to cut down on coal-fired power plants and replace them with clean energy sources.
  • Capacity of Vietnamese enterprises
    • Local enterprises have cooperated with and received large investment capital from many experienced global energy corporations such as Ørsted (Denmark), Hitachi (Japan), and Enterprise Energy (Singapore).

Disadvantages of renewable energy investment in Vietnam

  • Private enterprises have not been allowed to transmit and distribute, and can only participate in the construction of power infrastructure and production.

Current Projects in Vietnam

There are various projects currently planned, in progress or already operating across the country:

No.NameCapacityInvestment capital
(billion VND)
LocationStatus
1.Ea Nam400 MW16.500Ea H’leo, Dak LakIn progress
2.Tan Thuan
(offshore)
75 MW2.950Dam Doi, Ca MauIn progress
3.Trung Nam151,95 MW4.000Thuan Bac, Ninh ThuanIn operation
4.La Gan
(offshore)
3500 MW270.000Binh ThuanNot implemented yet
5.Ke Ga
(offshore)
3400 MW270.000Ham Thuan Nam, Binh ThuanNot implemented yet
6.Tan Phu Dong150 MW4.500Go Cong Dong, Tien GiangIn progress
7.Xuan Thien Ea Sup600 MW20.000Ea Sup, Dak LakIn operation
8.CMX
Renewable Energy
168 MWp3.700Ninh Son, Ninh ThuanIn progress
9.Hoa Hoi257 MWp5.000Phu Hoa, Phu YenIn operation

As demand for renewable energy sources grows, and the Vietnam Government’s commitment to clean energy projects continues, investors should watch this space for opportunities and incentives.

[1] Plan VIII, also known as the National Power Development Plan for the period of 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2045 drafted by the Ministry of Industry and Trade is in the process of being approved by the Vietnam’s Government.

For further information please contact:

Vu Manh Quynh, Managing Partner
Email: quynh.vu@ecovislaw.vn

Tran Dinh Chien, Partner
Email: chien.tran@oclaw.vn

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Quynh Vu
ECOVIS Vietnam OC Law
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